I will be teaching Romans tonight for the subject New Testament Introduction. I find it hard to study Romans. The academic debates are endless. But here is my attempt to summarise Romans.
It seems that Romans is a pastoral letter to exhort the Jew-Gentile house churches to participate in God’s saving purpose of gathering a worldwide Spirit-empowered Christ-community that displays God’s glory through their faithful conformity to the image of the Son. On the one hand, the salvation of the community is based on the work of the Messiah, whose suffering, atoning death and resurrection constitute the fulfilment of the covenantal faithfulness of God. On the other hand, this Christ-community is to be a missional community, bearing witness to Christ by their love-filled communal life, non-violent relationship with outsiders, and support of Paul’s mission to the Gentiles.